Guar gum powder is one of the most useful additives as it finds extensive application in several industries. It is also known as guaran and is derived from the beans of guar. Guar gum is primarily a galactomannan polysaccharide and thus the structure imparts it several benefits that is one of the primal reasons behind the applications. It is mostly used as a stabilizing and thickening agent that proves to be beneficial in industries like cosmetics, food, oil drilling, and many other applications. The seeds of guar are first extracted from the beans that are later dehusked, hydrated, milled, and screened as per the specific application.
Guar gum powder is used in the application of fracking in order to release oil and gas trapped in the rock. It helps in speeding up the entire process of oil extraction and this paves for the huge demand of the guar gum powder by oil industries.
Fracking Application in Oil Extraction
Fracking or as it is commonly referred to as hydraulic fracturing is nothing but a drilling method that is employed to draw out oil and natural gas from deep under the ground. The process includes a well to be drilled that is perfectly cased as well. Once this is done, small perforations are made on the well’s horizontal side in which a mixture is pumped through. This mixture comprises of water, sand, and some additives in order to increase the speed and efficiency of the entire operation. Guar gum powder is one of the most popular additives for fracking and is used as a gelling agent.
As the mixture is pumped through at high pressure values, fractures on rock begin to appear at macro level that gets opened by the sand grains.
Application of Guar Gum in Fracking
Guar gum powder is used as an additive in the fracking application that helps in reducing friction. This not only improves the performance of the entire process but also prevents the pipes from getting corroded. Corrosion, as we all know, is one of the most common and recurring problems that significantly hampers the output of any industry. Hence, guar gum powder helps in increasing the life cycle of pipes used in fracking. Additionally, guar gum is also used as a gelling agent in the fracking process of oil extraction. It thickens the fracking fluid that helps in suspending the frac and thus its carriage towards the cracked rock becomes quite convenient. As the sand reaches the rock, the opening gets propped and hence the flow of oil or gas is allowed to the well.
Apart from fracking, guar gum also used for other applications as a gelling or thickening agent. Some of the common usages include in food or medicines for both humans and animals. The thickening capability of the guar gum powder is eight times when compared to some of the common additives like corn starch. Thus, to obtain the required viscosity, only a small quantity is required to be added to the mixture. In fracking as well, it maintains the viscosity of the mixture in order to make sure that the proppants are flushed deep into the fractures to extract more oil.
The Bottom Line: Agrogums is one of the leading suppliers of guar gum powder in the country. The powder supplied is one of the finest that one can come across in the market and finds numerous applications across different industries. Some of the common usages include in pet foods, oil drilling, cosmetics, mining, paper, textiles, etc. The structure of guar gum is one of the main reasons for possessing a wide array of properties that make it felicitous for applications.