Monthly Archives: May 2019

  • Guar Gum has several important properties which makes it invaluable to many industries including textile industry, food industry, tobacco industry and mining as well. It is an extract from ground endosperm of a Guar Plant. It is often known as Guar Beans as well. The main properties being a thickening agent, stabilizing agent, and shear viscosity.

    This article is all about what Guar Gum is and how it is useful in the Tobacco Industry.

    What is Guar Gum?

    Guar plants, which are the source for this grow in several parts of the world, including several Asian countries like India, Pakistan. Besides which it also grows in other countries like Australia, USA, South Africa, etc. It can grow in almost any type of weather condition. Approximately 80% of the total production happens in India.

    Application in the Tobacco Industry

    Every tobacco product contains additives and it is these additives that make them more addictive. One of the main uses of additives is to extract nicotine from the tobacco faster; it also helps speed up the process of absorption of nicotine by lungs. The advantage of such additives is that the effect of nicotine in the brain, occurs faster.

    There are several additives that make Tobacco more attractive. This includes Sugars, Menthol Cools, Levulinic acid, Candy, Cocoa and Guar Gum as well. Guar Gum and many derivatives of it are an important additive to tobacco products. It is useful in binding and wrapping tobacco in a cigarette paper. The way it works is when a cigarette is lit, the heating of guar gum generates several other compounds like furfural and diacetyl. The smell and taste of these compounds is what makes the cigarette attractive and addictive.

    guar gum powder

    Important Stats and Facts for Guar Gum

    • There was a decline in exports in 2014.
    • Fall in cost saw a rise in demand  in 2015.
    • The reduction in the oil prices affected this market as well and resulted in reduction of use of them
    • It was back in high demand in 2017 with market showing signs of revival.
    • We witnessed a boom in this market in 2018.
    • As per the statistics and global market analysis, it is predicted that the global market will reach 1300 Million USD by 2026.
    • Demand for this continues to rise in several industries; this includes the crude oil industry as well as the tobacco industry.
    • This trend (of increase of use) is expected to continue in the future as well, which will affect the prices.

    Other Application

    There are many other applications besides that in the tobacco industry.  Here is a list of  other applications:

    • It is invaluable for oil well stimulation, mud drilling, oil well fracturing.
    • It is useful as a deformer, synthetic polymer and surfactant.
    • It is useful in use of water based and brine based drilling fluids.
    • Useful for reduction of friction in drilling holes, thus reduces the power requirements as well.
    • It is a very important drilling aid in water drilling, oil well drilling and geological drilling.

    Thus Guar Gum has several applications in many industries. It is useful in the food industry as an additive. It is also useful in oil well drilling, for explosives, water treatment, cosmetic industry, in bakery products, meat products, dressings and beverages. There is a gradual rise in demand for Guar Gum, which is mainly due to the many applications mentioned as well as due to the fact that it is important to the tobacco industry.

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  • Guar gum is extracted from guar beans and is a galactomannan polysaccharide. It is also known as guaran and has thickening and stabilizing properties making it felicitous for food, feed, and industrial applications. Guar beans are principally grown in India, Pakistan, U.S.A, Australia, and Africa with India contributing almost 80% of the world production.

    The Guar gum due to its properties has wide industrial applications in Textile industry, Paper industry, Explosives industry, Pharmaceutical industry, Cosmetics and toiletries industries, Hydraulic fracturing, Shale oil and gas extraction industries, etc.

    Summary: Guar gum is extracted from guar beans which are principally grown in India, Pakistan, U.S.A, Australia, and Africa. They have wide application in various industry, such as- Textile, Paper, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic, etc. India is the major contributor of guar gum, yielding almost 80% of world production.


    Guar Gum as Defoamer:
    Guar Gum, due to its low viscosity characteristic and ability to spread rapidly on foamy surfaces, is extensively used as a defoamer. Also known as an anti-foaming agent, a defoamer is a chemical additive which reduces or hinders the formation of foam in industrial process liquids. They are employed as an additive to prevent the formation of any foam. They are also used to break already formed foams. There are various types of defoamers, namely- Oil based defoamers, Powder defoamers, Water based defoamers, Silicone based defoamers, EO/PO based defoamers, and Alkyl polyacrylates.

    Guar Gum as Synthetic Polymer:
    Synthetic polymers are basically the human-made polymers. There are 4 types of synthetic polymer- Thermoplastics, Thermosets, Elastomers, and Synthetic Fibers. It finds a lot of application, such as- film wrap, plastic bags, pipes, electrical insulation bottles, etc. For biomedical applications, Synthetic polymers are preferred over natural polymers as natural polymers are difficult to separate from protein and other materials which can cause an allergic reaction.

    The polymers made from Guar gum comes as an alternative for non-biodegradable synthetic polymers as they create a lot of environmental issues. These polymers, since being made from biodegradable materials do not pose any pollution threats and also have a long life.

    Guar Gum as Surfactant:
    Guar gum, as a surfactant, is used extensively in cosmetics as it reduces surface tension. In shampoos, it acts as a surfactant to thin the tension making the vanishing of dust easier from hair. They create a froth or bubbles, which traps the dirt and stops it from getting resettled in hair.

    Usually, the surfactants have both- Hydrophilic and Oleophilic segments. The hydrophilic segment gets active in water whereas the oleophilic segment has a strong affinity for oils. Surfactants, on the basis of their ionic properties, are classified into amphoteric, cationic, anionic, and nonionic. Since guar gum is cationic, it is deemed suitable for making ointments & skin lotion.

    Summary: Guar gum is widely used as Defoamer, Synthetic Polymer, and Surfactant due to its structural properties. Their ability of rapid spreading on a foamy surface make them ideal defoamers. They are also used as synthetic polymer providing a biodegradable alternative. Guar gum reduces the surface tension and hence are used as surfactants.

    The Bottom line: The structure of Guar gum imparts numerous advantages and properties, making it suitable to be used for a wide variety of applications serving different industries. It is largely preferred for being used as Defoamer, Synthetic polymer, and surfactant.

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