Monthly Archives: June 2014

  • Natural gums have various uses in industry including paint making, canning, adhesives and chemical manufacturing, confectionary making, pharmaceuticals, dairy and even the soft drinks manufacturing. They are relatively inexpensive, easy to process and less harmful to the environment.

    Types of Natural and Synthetic Gums

    The most common types of gums useful in industry include the xanthum gum, polyester, the Guarkernmehl, estergum and alkyl resin. Research has noted that gums and resins are applied at the last stages of production processes. In the fruit processing and packing industry, gums are used to create uniformity in products and create evenness and wholesomeness of product and prevent ingredients from separating out.

    In adhesives and reagents manufacturing, resins act as tackifiers and in the pharmaceutical industries, the la gomme de guar is used as a thickener to increase viscosity of the products. They also act as suspending agents in liquid formulations.

    In confectioneries, gums are used for hardening sweets as well as forming the base for chewing gums.

    Resins are used in the paint industry to act as binding elements during formulation of paints.

    Arguments for Natural Gums

    Natural gums are increasingly replacing synthetic polymers in the food processing and the pharmaceutical industry. Their ability to swell and form highly viscous solutions is one of their main characteristics. They are also low cost and relatively abundant in supply compared to synthetic polymers. The range of uses for natural and plant-derived polymers increases by the day and this has generated a lot of interest. They also act as diluents, disintegrant in tablets and even protective colloids in suspensions. In some cases, they are preferred over synthetic gums due to their biocompatibility

    Comparison of Natural and Synthetic Gums in Production Processes

    Synthetic, acrylic polymers are grouped into alkali soluble emulsions, hydrophobically modified alkali soluble emulsions and ethoxylated urethane resins. They are referred to as associative thickeners, which are water-soluble polymers with hydrophobic groups. Most synthetic polymers depend on the presence of an alkali to activate the thickening mechanism.

    Guarkernmehl

    Differentiating Characteristics between Natural and Synthetic Gums

    Natural gums such as the goma de guar are polysaccharides made up of glucose and mannose groups. Their preparation process involves refining plants parts such as the seed and the bark. latexes are extracted as liquids from plants which are heated or boiled to achieve the required thickness. Synthetic gums and resins are on the other hand prepared through a chemical mixing process. This makes it easier for modification of their properties. Natural gums have more complicated modification processes and it is worthy to note that they are more acceptable in food processing.

    Conclusion

    There are various advantages for the use of natural gums in industry. In food processing, where there are vigorous legislation for consumer protection, natural gums are more acceptable due to traceability and organic nature. The most common natural gums used in industry include xanthum gum, latex, estergum and the gomma di guar. Some of the common uses of the gums include thickeners, surfactants and suspending agents.

    This article has been posted by working at Agro Gums. Agro Gums is a guar and cassia gum manufacturing company offering high quality guar gum powder, fast hydration guar gum powder, cassia powder, guar splits and guar meal to satisfy the production requirements of various industries across the world.

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  • Use of commercial feeds on domestic animals and pets provides rare nutrients, which are otherwise not available in the naturally available meals. It is therefore advisable to supplement natural feeds with processed feeds for better health of the animals.

    Pet and Feed Production Process

    Production of animal feeds involves a series of processes aimed at mixing the correct quantities of raw materials to give a good aggregate feed. Raw material is fed into elevated hoppers or bins. Recommended mixtures are weighed based on the specific formulations. Grinding then follows using special equipment called hammer mills. Mixing is done using mechanical mixers without requiring any heat addition. Here water is added to regulate the moisture content of the mixture. The conditioning process follows and involves injection of heated steam for making the mixture pliable before pressing. The material can then be made into pellets and then cooled with air to lower temperatures.

    Raw Materials for Pet and Feed Production

    The raw materials used in the manufacture of animal feeds vary widely depending on the targeted animals. Feed for pigs may be significantly different from that used for goats or sheep or even horses. However, oil-pressing byproducts such as oil cakes and meals are the most commonly used sources of protein for animals. They are obtained from oil extraction such as soybean, cottonseed, sunflower seed, linseed, palm kernels and groundnuts are some of the materials used. Byproducts of grain such as gluten, distiller’s grain, malt sprouts, wheat mill feed, rape meal and fruit by products are also used.

    Nutritional Requirements of Pet Foods

    Similar to humans, good developpment of animals requires a good diet. The only difference is the different metabolic processes of animals. They also require proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements in different forms, which is why the commercial animal feeds are recommended. The Guar meal is one of the recently developed solutions for providing proteins to animals. Husks of the guar used in animal feeds contain 50% protein digestible by cows and increases the milk output of cattle.

    Guar gum is the most commonly used thickener in the pet food industry

     

    Important Additives in Feed Production

    Additives in animal feeds include almond hulls, rice straw, date seeds, beans pods and even avocado skins. These serve to provide trace elements to animals, which are also important for their metabolism.

    Use of Thickeners in Pet Foods

    Guar gum is the most commonly used thickener in the pet food industry. Apart from the thickening properties, Guar gum powder has great nutritional qualities such as having water-soluble fibers, which assist in the digestion process of the animals. It also serves to prolong the shelf life of products.

    Regulations Governing Production and Distribution of Animal Feed

    Specific nations and countries regulate the production of animal feeds to ensure quality and effective products reach the market. Internationally, the food and agriculture organization lays down the critical requirements and recommended additives in feed production. Global Good agriculture practices (Global GAP) is also an acceptable standard in the manufacture and sale of animal feed.

    Conclusion

    Commercial animal and pet food is very important to animal health. Animals also have certain dietary requirements, which are supplied by the concentrates. Additives such as the guar gum are important in animal feed due their nutritional content as well as thickening abilities.

    This article has been posted by working at Agro Gums. Agro Gums is a guar and cassia gum manufacturing company offering high quality guar gum powder, fast hydration guar gum powder, cassia powder, guar splits and guar meal to satisfy the production requirements of various industries across the world.

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