Monthly Archives: June 2013

  • Overview of the Guar gum and Cassia gum derivatives

    Guar Gum is the substance extracted from the Guar plant’s endosperm. The gum is extracted from this legume plant that consists of a high rate of molecular carbohydrate. For obtaining the gum, manufacturers pass the guar seeds through a series of procedures. Dust and unwanted materials get separated through the procedure and then the gum splits are mixed with a certain quantity of water for hydration. Finally they are dried up to form the guar gum powder. The by-products of the guar husks are used for feeding the cattle. Guar meal comprises high protein for individuals. Cassia gum powder is also manufactured from a wild weed, both commercially and wild. It grows best in the wet, hot, tropical climate. India and Pakistan are the lead producers of Guar and Cassia Gum derivatives for its suitable agro-climatic conditions. However, nowadays it is also successfully grown in Sudan, Brazil, USA and South Africa.

    Global opportunities

    The extracted gum from the guar plant serves as a great thickener, emulsifier and stabilizer in cosmetics and food industries and creates great opportunities globally for cultivators of the Guar gum producing nations. Not only the food industry, the traditional and industrial usages and opportunities are described below:

    Bakery products- Improves the structure, crumb, moisture retention and texture of the product and also helps to increase the shelf life and dough yield
    Medicinal purposes- Guar plant leaves serves excellent to cure the night blindness; boiled guar seed can be used as poultice for small pox, enlarged livers, plague, broken bones and head swellings
    Human consumption- the green ripe pods can be cooked like the French beans; immature pods can be either fried into chips or can be salted to preserve for future use
    Soil and crop improvement- guar can be commonly used as a green manure and cover crop
    Drilling oil wells- guar gum help in increasing the production of natural gas and oil and are also used as surfactant, defoamer and synthetic polymer
    Cassia acts as a stimulant, carminative and tonic. The volatile 1-2% of cassia oil of the cassia seeds creates the taste and spicy aroma. The industrial usage of the cassia tora powder is explained below:
    Pet food- used as a thickening agent for the wet canned food for pets
    Air fresheners- used in the making of air freshener gel
    Other application- used in manufacturing gel

    Challenges faced by the Guar and Cassia gum producing countries

    Several challenges are often faced by the cultivators of the guar and cassia gum countries like India and Pakistan. The productivity is of low quality as farmers hardly uses any inputs and cultivates on marginal quality soil. Quality seeds are also not available. The specifications for buying the gum are often subjective with the size, colour and shape. Most often, the farmers are not even aware of the varieties that suit their area. Value-addition for this industry is poor as a major percentage of the export is made in the form of refined splits.

    Conclusion

    With the wide range of application and usage of the guar gum, cassia seeds, cassia gum powder, cassia tora powder across the world, the farmers should be given proper training on the use of inputs like pesticides, weedicides and quality seeds to ensure higher quality production. Also, efforts in the development of machinery and equipments should be made to process guar and test the quality of the finished product. With these efforts the guar gum producing countries are sure to offer the importers their quality products at a reasonable price.

    This article has been written by working at Agro Gums. Agro Gums is a guar and cassia gum manufacturing company offering high quality guar gum powder, fast hydration guar gum powder, cassia powder, guar splits and guar meal to satisfy the production requirements of various industries across the world.

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  • Guar gum is a product of grounded Guar beans particularly from the endosperm part of the bean .The main growing areas of Guar beans is in India, China, Australia, Pakistan and Africa. The process of obtaining guar gum powder involves heating, grinding and polishing whereby the husk is removed from the endosperm to obtain guar split. The guar split is the grinded further and converted into powder form. In terms of its chemical composition, it consists of galactose and mannose sugars and is therefore classified as a polysaccharide. Guar gum is relatively soluble making it a good stabilizer; it works best in a pH range of 5-7 and has high viscosity which significantly reduces in the presence of high acidity or alkalinity. The gum has high thickening capability upto eight times that of water hence making it a perfect fit for use as an emulsifier. It is highly stable in low freezing temperature hence preventing ice crystal growth. Fast hydration guar gum powder achieves viscosity in 3 minutes as compared to the normal guar gum which achieves viscosity in 2 hours.

    Industrial and other usages of Fast hydration Guar Gum powder

    In the industrial world Fast hydration guar gum powder has high applicability in areas such as oil, gas and well drilling due to its ability to lubricate, enhance viscosity and control water loss. The drilling companies use a lot of drill bits which need high viscosity and hydration for optimal performance. The Guar gum powder also reduces friction while drilling hence significantly reducing the power cost of the overall drilling process. Application of fast hydration guar gum powder is also found in industries such as cosmetics, textile, food, paper, explosives, mining, pharmaceuticals and petrochemicals where its valuable properties such as thickening, gelling, binding and emulsifying are exploited.

    Demand of Fast hydration Guar Gum Powder in India and in other countries

    World production of guar gum sits at about 700,000 tonnes. India is the main exporter and latest data shows that the demand for this gum continues to go up annually owing to the unique Application of fast hydration guar gum powder in various industrial processes. It is now the top farm export in India. Industrial guar gum takes a huge portion of the total demand at about 45%.In USA there is a huge demand from the oil and gas industry. Apart from the oil and gas industry, the food industry in USA and UK has also contributed to the high demand.

    Conclusion

    Guar gum powder has unique chemical and physical properties that have proven to be essential particularly in industrial applications such as oil drilling and food. There is no product in the market that can substitute the wonders of Fast hydration guar gum powder and its applicability. That said the demand for this gum is bound to increase more so considering the fact that industrial activity is expected to experience continued growth especially in developing countries.

    This article has been written by working at Agro Gums. Agro Gums is a guar and cassia gum manufacturing company offering high quality guar gum powder, fast hydration guar gum powder, cassia powder, guar splits and guar meal to satisfy the production requirements of various industries across the world.

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