Monthly Archives: May 2013

  • Guar Gum is a product or substance extracted from the endosperm of a Guar plant. Guar plant is largely planted in India and it’s from a family of leguminous plant. India is the largest producer and exporter of guar gum worldwide. India alone produces about 80 percent of guar gum worldwide. It produces between 1 -1.25 million tones of guar annually. Other countries that produce and export guar are Pakistan, Italy and USA. Major importers of this product are Canada, Australia and China.

    To obtain Guar Gum, the guar seeds are passed through different procedures. The seeds are roasted to remove the husks. What remains after this process are the guar splits which are carefully chosen then put on another process referred to as screening. This process gets rid of unwanted particles and dust. Guar gum splits are then mixed with some comparative amount of water in a mixer to hydrate them. They are then dried up and grinded to form guar gum powder. The finer grade guar gum powder is obtained by sieving the grounded powder. The by-products of guar-husks- are used to feed the cattle. The guar meal provides high proteins.

    Why India is well known producer of Guar gum

    India is known as the major producer of guar gum because of many factors. One factor is the fact that India has favorable conditions for guar plant. The soils are favorable considering guar plant grows well in various soil types. India also has fertile, well-drained sandy loam soils which favors the guar seeds. The plant itself, improves the quality of the soil with the nodules in its taproots. The plant takes a short time to mature-between two and three months. They can grow in an optimal temperature of at most 30 degrees. The climate in India has most of these characteristics thus making the region a major producer of guar gum.

    Different industrial requirement of guar gum and derivatives

    Guar gum has various industrial uses. It is used as emulsifier, thickener, binding agent and stabilizer. It is used in food industries especially in adding the thickening agents in different foods. Guar gum increases the softness of foods like cakes and acts as a preservative. It prolongs the expiry of foods like cakes.

    It is also used in processing pet foods and canning of meat. This is because it increases the glueness of the foods being processed thus reducing splashing of those foods. It is also used as a water binding and hydration agent in ice creams.

    Guar gum derivatives are used as movable control substances and helps in controlling water loss, and oils. They are thus used in energy industries like petroleum industries. They can also be used in reducing friction in running machines. The cassia powder is also helps in quick hydration thus used for gas and oil drilling tools.

    Guar gum can also be used in textile industries. Guar gum powder is used for textile printing. It used as a printing thickener thus giving more stickiness and toughness on a material.

    Guar gum also known as goma guar is a product with great values to the farmers, manufacturers and consumers. It is a source of income to the farmers and a source of foreign exchange to India and countries that produce it. To the consumers, it is a source of protein and saves the consumer a lot of loss. This is because it preserves foods and provides proteins to animals and humans. It’s no doubt therefore that guar gum is one of the mostly used plant product worldwide.

    This article has been written by working at Agro Gums. Agro Gums is a guar and cassia gum manufacturing company offering high quality guar gum powder, fast hydration guar gum powder, cassia powder, guar splits and guar meal to satisfy the production requirements of various industries across the world.

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  • Guar plant (cluster bean plant) is a plant mainly grown in India and Pakistan, guar gum is found in the endosperm of guar plant. Guar gum is has several names in different countries. India stands are the largest producer of guar and guar gum in the world.

    Manufacturing Guar Gum

    In the manufacturing process of guar gum in producing countries like India; the seeds of guar plant i.e. the guar gum are passed through different processes. They pass through the roasting process, grinding process and polishing process. In these processes the shell from the guar gum seeds is removed thus leaving the refined guar slits to be further passed through the processing system. Guar splits are then chosen for the processing process .so the guar splits passed through screening to get rid of dust particles and any other unnecessary particles. Guar splits are further prehydrated by allowing them to mix with the right proportion amount of water in a place called the double cone mixer. Once the guar splits are hydrated they are passed through flaker. Once the guar splits are flaked, the guar splits are then dried up, powdered and grounded. For a fine guar gum powder, the powdered guar that is produced is sieved. The by products from the manufacturing process i.e.the husk and germ obtained can be used as feed to the cattle. This is because they are high in protein.

    Applications of Guar Gum in various industries

    Theguar gum has a number of helpful properties thus they can be used in various industries or sectors, mostly the food industry, their applications include;

    · Guar gum works as, stabilizer, thickener, binding agent and emulsifier thus they are used in numerous food related applications primarily the ones that need addition of thickening agents or starch.

    · Guar gum is also used in items that require baking like cakes; this is because it increases their softness of the cakes and prolongs their expiry dates.

    · It is also used in the canning and processing of meat and pet foods. This is because it has the ability to raise the viscosity which in turn reduces the splashing throughout the process thus it speeds it up.

    · Guar gum can be used in sugarless or dietary beverages to improve the mouth feel and texture of the products.

    · Guar gum is used as an in ice cream stabilizers, mainly for use in high temperature and short period processes. This is helped by its hydration property and water binding property.

    · Guar gum derivatives like hydroxypropyl and carboxymethyl gum can be used as mobility control agents in oil, water loss control, petroleum industries, suspension, friction reducing gas and viscosity control.

    · Guar gum can also be used within the paper, textile, mining, explosives and cosmetic industries.

    Demand of Guar Gum in Various Countries

    India is the main exporter of guar gum. Other countries exporting include; Pakistan, U.S.A and Italy. The world market demands is projected to be 1.5 lakhs tons yearly. Major importers include Canada, china and Australia. India produces 80% of guar gum in the world. Latest data shows that guar gum exports have gone up by 139% between April 2012 and January 2013 with shipment of around $4.9billion.

    Conclusion

    Guar gum splits and guar gum powders give a good return to farmers in various countries. Its benefits and uses to different countries have made it a major plant that is used worldwide. This is reflected by its increase in demand annually.

    This article has been written by working at Agro Gums. Agro Gums is a guar and cassia gum manufacturing company offering high quality guar gum powder, fast hydration guar gum powder, cassia powder, guar splits and guar meal to satisfy the production requirements of various industries across the world.

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